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Purple coneflowers, herb (Echinaceae purpurea, herba)

Purple coneflowers, herb

(Echinaceae purpurea, herba)

       A hardy, herbaceous perennial. Stems erect, stout, branched, hirsute or glabrous, 60180 cm high; basal leaves ovate to ovate-lanceolate, acute, coarsely or sharply serrate, petioles up to 25 cm long, blades to 20 cm long and 15cm wide, blade abruptly narrowing to base, often cordate, decurrent on petiole, 35 veined; cauline leaves petiolate below, sessile above, 720 cm long, 1.58cm broad, coarsely serrate to entire, rough to the touch on both surfaces; phyllaries linear-lanceolate, attenuate, entire, pubescent on outer surface, ciliate, passing into the chaff; heads 1.53cm long and 510mm broad, purplish; pales 913mm long, awn half as long as body; disc corollas 4.55.5mm long, lobes 1mm long; achene 44.5 mm long, pappus a low crown of equal teeth; pollen grains yellow, 1921?m in diameter. Herba Echinaceae Purpureae is administered orally in supportive therapy for colds and infections of the respiratory and urinary tract. Beneficial effects in the treatment of these infections are generally thought to be brought about by stimulation of the immune response. External uses include promotion of wound healing and treatment of inflammatory skin conditions.