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Peppermint, leaves (Mentha piperita, herba)

Peppermint, leaves

(Mentha piperita, herba)

       A perennial herb, 3090 cm high. Stems square erect or ascending, branched, the upper portion always quadrangular. Leaves opposite, petiolate, ovateoblong to oblong-lanceolate, serrate, pointed; dark green on the upper surface. Flowers purplish, occur in thick, terminal, spicoid racemes of verticillasters; each flower shows a tubular calyx with 5 sharp, hairy teeth, a purplish, irregular, 4-cleft corolla, 4 short stamens, a 4-celled ovary and a projecting style ending in a bifid stigma. Fruit consists of 4 ellipsoidal nutlets. Is used for the symptomatic treatment of dyspepsia, flatulence and intestinal colic.

       Green to greenish-brown. Leaves whole, broken or cut; thin, fragile; whole leaf 39cm long and 13cm wide, often crumpled. Lamina oval or lanceolate; apex acuminate; margin sharply dentate; base asymmetrical. Venation pinnate, prominent on the lower surface, with lateral veins leaving the midrib at an angle of about 45. Odour: characteristic, penetrating; taste: characteristic, aromatic.